THEY’RE FRACTURING THE LAND –
What Fracking is (and what it is not)
Download a copy of this fact sheet here.
Hydraulic fracturing (or “fracking”), is the method of drilling into the shale rock, often 2,000 or 10,000 feet below us, to extract natural gas and oil. These deep wells pass through the aquifers which give our communities life-sustaining water. These wells curve horizontally, deep into the Earth, and then millions of gallons of water laced with undisclosed “fracking chemicals” are pressurized and injected – breaking apart, or fracturing all of this rock. Methane, and dangerous materials are released in this process.
Over the past decade this practice has exploded in popularity across the United States, Canada, First Nations and Native Nations. While this type of drilling has been around for decades, the techniques and chemicals used to reach deeper methane reserves are more intensive and riskier than conventional drilling.
Often, fracking operations, and representatives of the companies that profit from this, will argue that “fracking” does not contaminate our waters, and that “fracking” doesn’t cause as much environmental harm as opponents say. The work “fracking” refers only to the process of drilling, it doesn’t address the toxic wastewater treatment and disposal, and it doesn’t address wastewater spills and explosions.
HOW IT PUTS OUR COMMUNITIES AT RISK
These wells pass through our aquifers, and an explosion, malfunction during drilling, or leaking of the casing (all of which have happened at different fracking wells), will pollute the aquifers that sustain the life of our communities in a way that can’t be fixed. And since the companies that frack our land aren’t required to disclose the chemical “cocktails” they inject these wells with, we have no way of knowing the impact until our people begin to get sick. The 2011 U.S. House of Representatives investigative report states that out of 2,500 hydraulic fracturing products, more than 650 contain chemicals that are known carcinogens. Our tribal governments need to stand up and protect our communities from this harm. The U.S. Drinking Water Act has not been applied to fracking. And outside of the harms that fall under the definition of the word “fracking”, we need to deal with the toxic “waste”waters produced from this drilling.
Each well uses 1-8 million gallons of fresh water. This water is polluted with hazardous fracking chemicals, oil and hydrocarbons, radioactive radon, and biocides, and there is no process or technique for treating this water – our water treatment facilities aren’t equipped with specialized equipment, which is very costly, even if there was a certified process for “cleaning this wastewater. With our aquifers running dry, as we face down the beginnings of a global water crisis, can we take seriously any plan that not only uses our waters, but puts entire aquifers at risk for contamination? The air that sustains our lives is also at risk, as methane leaks from the wells, and emissions from the natural gas-powered drilling equipment multiplies that harm.
HOW IS IT IMPACTING NATIVE COMMUNITIES?
While Fracking has been banned in the entire countries of France, Bulgaria, and South Africa, and the state of Vermont, while the treatment of fracking waste water has been banned in New Jersey, Native and First Nations communities have remained vulnerable to fracking and frack wastewater treatment. The number of wells in the Baken Oil Field is rapidly increasing. Estimates say that the current 8,000 wells could increase to between 40,000 and 50,000 by the time all the oil and gas is extracted (twenty years from now).
Much of the gas that’s extracted goes to fueling the Tar Sands oils extraction in Alberta. We cannot support the destruction of the land and culture of our relations. And the Earth cannot afford the massive carbon emissions produced by fracking. We have been tempted by job creation, but we cannot put money before the health of our communities – we cannot accept cancer, asthma, and earthquakes as the cost for “job creation”. Abuse of the land and abuse of the people is one and the same. We cannot fracture our future.
The Turtle Mountain band of Chippewa passed a resolution banning fracking, along with the Haudenosaunee. For copies of the resolutions, and other resources on how to get your tribal council to ban fracking please visit honorearth.org.
The Baken Oil Field:
Since early 2006, production from what’s known as the Bakken formation has increased nearly 150-fold, to more than 660,000 barrels a day, moving North Dakota into second place among domestic suppliers, behind Texas and ahead of Alaska. By the time all 14 billion barrels of high-quality crude oil is removed from the field, which stretches from eastern Montana to western North Dakota, massive pipeline infrastructure will need to be installed, which will mean spills. And until those pipelines are built, there will be a sharp increase in the number of trucks used to transport oil and water – which will mean our roads are torn up, and our people are put in harm’s way.
And the man camps that come with the oil and gas fracking has lead to trafficking of women and girls, and crime. Drug crimes in eastern Montana have increased 172 percent. Assaults in Dickinson, North Dakota, are up 300 percent.
We cannot afford to see our communities destroyed for short-term gain for the few.
1. Our tribal government has an obligation to protect Mother Earth from any pollutants which may cause harm to its citizens, land, water, and air. As a tribal member I also have that obligation, and I choose to honor that by not renewing your lease of my land.
2. Fracking will damage the integrity of this community, through the increased cost of living, and the crime and trafficking that comes with man camps. I cannot allow this, and will not renew your lease.
3. We need meaningful investment in our people. North Dakota has the sixth largest wind resource potential in the United Sates, totaling 770,000 megawatts – which is more than ALL fossil fuel powered plants in the Unite States combined. We need to invest in less harmful development strategies like solar and wind, which can provide real jobs to our community members.
Links to Resources
Tribal Fracking Bans:
Fracking and Health
- Sackville Memorial Hospital Speaks on Dangers of Fracking
- BLM Proposed Fracking Regulations 2013 -- The proposed rule applies only to hydraulic fracturing conducted on federal and Indian lands.
Map of anti-fracking movements in the US
List version by state:
Click Below to find out how you can pass your own anti-fracking resolution