Enbridge wants to build a new pipeline corridor through the heart of Minnesota's lake country and some of the largest wild rice beds in the world. The proposed Sandpiper pipeline would carry fracked oil from the Bakken formation of North Dakota, across the White Earth reservation and the headwaters of the Mississippi River, and through the 1855 Treaty Area, to their terminal in Superior, WI. This highly volatile substance has “incinerated” a town in Canada, and its extraction in ND threatens the lifeways and wellbeing of our relatives of the Three Affiliated Tribes. The proposed Line 3 Replacement pipeline would carry tar sands, the dirtiest fuel on the planet, from the Athabasca River Basin in Alberta. Enbridge wants to simply abandon its existing Line 3 pipeline and walk away from it, because it has over 900 "structural anomalies", and build a brand new line in this new corridor. If this new corridor is established, we expect Enbridge to propose building even more pipelines in it. We cannot allow that.
Enbridge's Alberta Clipper pipeline is one of 6 pipelines in the existing Enbridge mainline corridor, which crosses the Red Lake, Leech Lake, and Fond du Lac reservations. The Alberta Clipper carries tar sands oil from the lands of our Cree and Dene relatives in Alberta. Enbridge has applied to double its capacity, to ship 880,000 barrels per day, more than the proposed Keystone XL pipeline, which President Obama rejected in November 2015. The Alberta Clipper has already leaked on numerous occasions, with devastating consequences for the wetlands and waterways of northern Minnesota. While waiting for the US State Department to complete its environmental review on the proposed expansion, Enbridge devised an illegal scheme to go ahead and transport the increased volumes of tar sands via the Alberta Clipper, by passing oil into another pipeline just long enough to cross the border, then switching it back. This "switcheroo" scheme violates federal law and a coalition of tribal and environmental groups sued the US State Department for allowing it.
The Keystone XL Pipeline was proposed to carry tar sands from the Athabasca River Basin in Alberta all the way to the Gulf of Mexico. Eighty percent of the traditional territory of the Mikisew Cree and Athabasca Chipewyan First Nations has been made inaccessible for most of the year, and traditional lifeways can no longer be practiced on the land because of contamination. It is an ecological sacrifice zone the size of Florida. Musician Neil Young compares the atomic bomb devastation of Hiroshima, Japan to the least devastated areas of tar sans operations.
The Minnesota Pipeline Company, owned by right-wing financiers the Koch Brothers, is seeking a state permit to double the capacity of the MinnCann pipeline, also known as Line 4, which carries oil from Clearbrook, MN to a refinery in St Paul. The project would not require digging new trenches or burying new pipe, would the new pumping stations would increase the amount of oil.